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Гаубица М119 — M119 howitzer

  • 1 Развитие
  • 2 Боеприпасы
  • 3 Первичный двигатель
  • 4 варианта
  • 5 ссылки
  • 6 Внешние ссылки

Гаубица была спроектирована и произведена Британской Королевской артиллерийской фабрикой как легкое орудие L118 . В конфигурации L118 105-мм боеприпас представляет собой гильзу для боеприпасов с раздельным заряжанием (а не полужесткий снаряд и метательный заряд, как иногда утверждается). L118 поступил на вооружение британской армии в 1976 году и используется парашютов и коммандос полевой артиллерии полка. Он участвовал в боях во время Фолклендской войны , когда 30 действующих орудий производили до 400 выстрелов на орудие в день, в основном с «суперзарядом», то есть самым мощным из доступных метательных зарядов. L119 является L118 перенастроить огнь НАТО -эталонных США / НАТО 105 мм полустационарных боеприпасов.

В 1987 году было достигнуто соглашение о производстве L119 по лицензии США как M119 для замены гаубицы M102 . Он поступил на вооружение 7-й пехотной дивизии , Форт-Орд , Калифорния, в декабре 1989 года. В производство M119A1 были внесены некоторые улучшения, в том числе увеличение его диапазона для экстремально низких температур с -30 ° C до -45 ° C, что повысило ремонтопригодность. Армия продлила контракты на производство M119, которое будет производиться Объединенным производственным и технологическим центром Rock Island Arsenal (RIA-JMTC) в Рок-Айленде, штат Иллинойс, в 2013 году. 105-мм пушка M20A1 была произведена американской армией Watervliet Arsenal.

M119 в настоящее время используется во всех боевых группах пехотных бригад регулярной армии и национальной гвардии , в том числе в 10-й горной , 82-й воздушно-десантной и 101-й воздушно-десантных дивизиях, а также в боевой группе 173-й воздушно-десантной бригады . Другие дивизии могут иметь смешанный состав: бронетанковые , « Страйкеры» и боевые группы пехотных бригад, с бронетранспортером M109A6 «Паладины» и « Страйкер» с M777 для своих огневых батальонов. Например, два из четырех — это IBCT с M119 в 25-й пехотной дивизии . Батальоны легкой полевой артиллерии Национальной гвардии, закрепленные за IBCT, также имеют M119, например, 86-й IBCT (Mountain) со штаб-квартирой в Вермонте. Его обычно сбрасывают с воздуха и загружают на стропу вертолетами CH-47 Chinook или UH-60 Black Hawk в десантно-штурмовых операциях.

В апреле 2009 года гаубица M119A2 находилась на вооружении 4-й боевой пехотной бригады 3-й пехотной дивизии для обеспечения лучшей поддержки в операциях в Афганистане и Ираке. Это была единственная бригада в дивизии, оснащенная им, так как остальные три бригады были «тяжелыми» и поэтому были оснащены M109A6 Paladin.

Батарея «Альфа» 1- го батальона 320-го полка полевой артиллерии 101-й воздушно-десантной дивизии получила свои первые модернизированные гаубицы M119A3 в июле 2013 года и стала первой единицей, которая использовала их на театре военных действий, когда они были развернуты на северо-востоке Афганистана в начале февраля 2014 года. M119A3 включает обновления программного и аппаратного обеспечения, GPS для навигации, цифровой дисплей наводчика и цифровую связь между каждым орудием и центром управления огнем, чтобы ускорить процесс получения данных о стрельбе и стрельбы снарядов. Стрелковые взводы также были оснащены более крупными, также цифровыми гаубицами M777A2, а M119A3 больше восхищались тем, что они быстрее, легче и легче меняли азимут огня. Модель A3 сохраняет ручные возможности модели A2, поэтому случаи потери цифровых возможностей позволяли экипажам легко вернуться в аналоговый режим работы и продолжить выполнение своих задач.

Менеджер проекта по буксируемым артиллерийским системам (PM TAS) разработал несколько усовершенствований для M119A3, включая цифровое управление огнем, повышенную низкотемпературную способность с −25 до −51 ° F (от −32 до −46 ° C) и затвор M20. Система отдачи также модернизируется, поскольку у устаревшей системы были проблемы с надежностью с рекуператором, буфером и рычажным механизмом с регулируемой отдачей (который устанавливает длину отдачи в зависимости от угла возвышения); в нем было много движущихся частей, требующих постоянного обслуживания и регулировки во время работы, с высокой степенью замены запчастей, которые сложны в производстве и для сборки требуются специализированные инструменты, что увеличивает затраты и вызывает проблемы с доступностью. Обновленная система работает так же, но модифицирует и упрощает некоторые компоненты, в том числе новый буфер и рекуператор с удаленным большинством компонентов, а также добавляет систему блокировки подвески (SLOS), которая фиксирует длину отдачи на 25 дюймов (64 см), что удаляет оборудование с регулируемой отдачей, снижает нагрузку на каретку и снижает усилия на стержне буфера; новая система снижает стоимость, количество деталей на 40 процентов до 75 и общий вес на 45 фунтов (20 кг).

  • [1]

Wikimedia Foundation . 2010 .

См. также в других словарях:

105 mm Howitzer M101 — 105 mm Howitzer M101 … Википедия

M102 — may refer to:* Messier 102 (M102), an object listed in the Messier Catalogue that remains unidentified * M102 howitzer, an American light towed 105 mm howitzer * Mercedes Benz M102 engine, an automobile engine developed by Mercedes Benz * BMW… … Wikipedia

howitzer — haubica statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Pabūklas su trumpesniu negu patrankos vamzdžiu, šaudantis iškiliąja trajektorija (pakilimo kampas iki 70°). Šiuolaikinės haubicos yra 105–203 mm kalibro, vamzdžio ilgis 15–40 kalibrų, palyginti… … Artilerijos terminų žodynas

M102 howitzer — s for normal movement or air assault operations.The M102 is no longer in use by the United States Army, having been replaced by the M119. It is, however, still in use by the National Guard. It is also used on the USAF s Lockheed AC 130… … Wikipedia

M101 howitzer — Infobox Weapon name=M101/M101A1 105 mm Howitzer caption= Marines from 11th Marines, 1st Marine Division fire an M101 105 mm Howitzer during the playing of taps at the Iwo Jima 60th Anniversary Commemorative on 26 March 2005 origin= United States… … Wikipedia

Weapons of the Vietnam War — A wide variety of weapons were used by the different armies operating in the Vietnam War, which included the opposing Army of the Republic of Viet Nam (ARVN) and People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) known as the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) during the… … Wikipedia

M119 — 105 мм буксируемая гаубица M119A1 Тип: гаубица Страна … Википедия

Lockheed AC-130 — AC 130 … Wikipédia en Français

AC-130 — Lockheed AC 130 AC 130 … Wikipédia en Français

AC-130 gunship — Lockheed AC 130 AC 130 … Wikipédia en Français

Lockheed AC-130 — Infobox Aircraft name = AC 130 Spectre/Spooky type = Fixed wing gunship manufacturer = Lockheed and Boeing caption = AC 130H Spectre gunship jettisons flares in 2007 designer = first flight = AC 130A: avyear|1966 AC 130U: avyear|1990 introduction … Wikipedia

List of artillery by country — Argentina = * CITEFA Model 77 Cold War / Modern 155 mm gun/howitzer, based on the French 155mm gun mounted on AMX Mk F3 SP gun * CALA 30 155 mm L45 long range gun * SLAM PAMPERO 105 mm multiple rocket launcher * SAC SAPBA 127 mm multiple rocket… … Wikipedia

Coalition of the Gulf War — Map of Coalition countries (Green Blue levels) and Iraq (Orange). The Coalition of the Gulf War were the countries officially opposed to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait during the 1990 / 1991 Persian Gulf War. Contents … Wikipedia

Vietnam War — Part of the Cold War and the Indochina Wars … Wikipedia

List of «M» series military vehicles — The following is a (partial) listing of M series military vehicles used by the United States military. Some of these units are also used by Canadian Forces Land Force Command and other militaries under different designations: M1 to M99 * M1… … Wikipedia

Гaубицы/Пушки

Ок, но что это значит? У русских плохо развиты металлургия и химическая промышленность? Или есть другие причины по которым русские танковые пушки уступают в дальнобойности западным?

— что это такое?
Что такое упругая и остаточная деформация? Почему разные слои получают разную деформацию?

digger

Олег Грановский

Модератор

Олег Грановский

Модератор

Автомат заряжания Т-72:

Fantask

105 мм М101А2

Интересно насколько эффективны гаубицы 105мм ? Какова их дальность и сколько вв несёт в себе снаряд. Насколько они превосходят М30? 122мм СССР 30 года.

Олег Грановский

Модератор

Вот данные 105-мм ОФ снаряда:

Cartridge, 105 mm: HE M1
Armament

M101/M101A1, M102 (towed) and M108 (self-propelled) howitzers; Otobreda 105/14 Pack Howitzer (L5); RO Defence L119/M119A1 Towed Howitzer; Howitzer, Light, Towed: 105 mm KH178 (South Korea); Giat Industries LG1 Mk I and Mk II Light Gun and M101A1 Modernised (France); Type 75 self-propelled howitzer (Japan); NDSB SAKTI 105 mm Light Gun (Malaysia); RDM 105 mm M101/33 (Netherlands); 105 mm m/26 (Spain); T64 105 mm Howitzer (Taiwan); M101 Modified (Germany); 105 mm Howitzer M56 and M18/61 (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia).

The 105 mm Cartridge HE M1 is one of the oldest serving of all modern artillery rounds, as its origins can be traced back to the Westervelt Board convened by the USA in 1919 to report on the lessons of the Great War. The advisory board recommended the development of a 105 mm howitzer, later accepted for service as the M1 in 1928. After further development the 105 mm M1 howitzer reached the M2 stage which was accepted for mass production along with an associated round, the HE M1. When the M2 howitzer was later redesignated the M101, the HE round remained the M1. The 105 mm HE M1 served the US armed forces from 1941 onwards and is still in service with them, their latest weapon procured to fire the 105 mm HE M1 being the Royal Ordnance (now BAE Systems, RO Defence) M119A1 Towed Howitzer. The 105 mm HE M1 continues to serve with many other nations and is still widely produced, having attained the distinction of virtually becoming the `standard’ 105 mm HE round.
Metal parts for US 105 mm HE M1 projectiles are manufactured at the Scranton Army Ammunition Plant operated by Chamberlain Manufacturing.
The UK service designation for the 105 mm HE M1 when fired from L119 Light Guns is Round, 105 mm, How, HE L41A2.
The M1 (Mod) round for the USAF is made by converting standard M1 rounds under contract from the US Army Operations Support Command. In October 2001 the Army announced a requirement for the conversion of 49,998 rounds.

The 105 mm Cartridge HE M1 is a semi-fixed round with the projectile being a free fit in the cartridge case to allow free access to the propellant increments inside the case. The projectile is a hollow high-tensile steel forging with a boat-tailed base and a welded base cover, a streamlined ogive and a single gilding metal driving band. The projectile may have either a normal or deep cavity, formed or drilled into the explosive filling beneath the fuze well to accept whatever fuze is to be employed. For example a deep cavity projectile for long intrusion fuzes may be loaded with 2.087 kg of Composition B or 1.93 kg of cast TNT, plus a supplementary charge consisting of 136 g of TNT pressed into an aluminium liner found below the nose-located fuze well. Shells have been filled with RDX/WX6 or RDX/WX8. Normal cavity projectiles are packed either with a fuze or a closing plug in place of a fuze. Deep cavity projectiles may be packed with the supplementary charge and a fuze, the supplementary charge and a closing plug, or with a closing plug only.
A groundburst detonation of a 105 mm HE M1 projectile will result in a lethal area covering from 288 to 290 m2.
The cartridge case is of the M14 type. The standard M14 is manufactured using 70:30 brass but other materials have been used and may still be encountered; for instance the M14B1 used copper-plated drawn steel while the M14B4 is a three-piece spiral wrapped lacquered steel case. The base-mounted percussion primer is pressed into place and may be one of several types including the M1B1A2, M28A2 (brass), M28B2 (steel) or M1A2. The primers most commonly encountered are the M28A2 (containing 150 g of black powder) and the M28B2 (122.5 g).
The cartridge case contains the M67 propelling charge. This consists of seven M1 dualgrain propellant increments packed in individually numbered cloth bags, threaded together in numerical order on a length of silk or acrylic twine. (Older types of charges used single-granulation M1 propellant). Before loading, the required increments are arranged inside the case with the No 1 increment, the base charge, at the bottom and the No 7 increment located towards the case mouth. The others are arranged around the walls of the case and around the primer tube.
Charge 1 is the base charge consisting of 238.42 g of propellant M1 (small size).
Charge 2 consists of Charge 1 plus a 41.11 g increment of propellant M1 (small size). Nominal charge weight is 279.53 g.
Charge 3 consists of Charge 2 plus a 70.87 g increment of propellant M1 (large size). Nominal charge weight is 350.4 g.
Charge 4 consists of Charge 3 plus a 96.39 g increment of propellant M1 (large size). Nominal charge weight is 446.79 g.
Charge 5 consists of Charge 4 plus a 153.09 g increment of propellant M1 (large size) and a sheet of lead which functions as a decoppering agent. Nominal charge weight is 599.88 g.
Charge 6 consists of Charge 5 plus a 243.81 g increment of propellant M1 (large size). Nominal charge weight is 843.69 g.
Charge 7 consists of Charge 6 plus a 369.89 g increment of propellant M1 (large size). Total nominal charge weight is then 1.241 kg.
Ballistic data for the 105 mm HE M1 when fired from M101/M101A1 howitzers is as follows:
Charge 1 — MV 198.1 m/s — max range 3,510 m
Charge 2 — MV 216.4 m/s — max range 4,110 m
Charge 3 — MV 237.7 m/s — max range 4,860 m
Charge 4 — MV 266.7 m/s — max range 5,950 m
Charge 5 — MV 310.9 m/s — max range 7,650 m
Charge 6 — MV 376.4 m/s — max range 9,380 m
Charge 7 — MV 472.4 m/s — max range 11,270 m.
Ballistic data for the 105 mm HE M1 when fired from M102 howitzers is as follows:
Charge 1 — MV 205 m/s — max range 3,700 m
Charge 2 — MV 223 m/s — max range 4,300 m
Charge 3 — MV 247 m/s — max range 5,200 m
Charge 4 — MV 278 m/s — max range 6,300 m
Charge 5 — MV 325 m/s — max range 8,100 m
Charge 6 — MV 393 m/s — max range 9,600 m
Charge 7 — MV 494 m/s — max range 11,500 m.
Range data for the L119/M119A1 Towed Howitzer when firing the 105 mm HE M1 is as follows:
Charge 1 — range 1,800 to 3,400 m
Charge 2 — range 2,100 to 4,100 m
Charge 3 — range 2,600 to 4,800 m
Charge 4 — range 4,100 to 6,300 m
Charge 5 — range 4,200 to 7,900 m
Charge 6 — range 5,000 to 9,500 m
Charge 7 — range 6,200 to 11,500 m.

Читать еще:  Противокорабельный ракетный комплекс «Бастион» (СССР)

The training round used most commonly as the equivalent to the 105 mm HE M1 is the cartridge, 105 mm, TP, M67. The projectile used with this round (which is painted blue) contains 1.76 kg of an inert explosive substitute and is fitted with a dummy fuze. The complete round weighs 16.81 kg and the maximum muzzle velocity is 381 m/s. A TP-T version of the M67 has been produced.
A completely inert drill round is known as the Cartridge, 105 mm: Dummy, M14. It cannot be fired and is fitted with a PD Dummy M59 fuze.
RO Defence produce Shell, 105 mm, How, Practice Flash Indicating RO 37-05 for practice firing as the equivalent of the HE M1 projectile. The RO 37-05 is hollow and uses a Flash Indicator Unit B118 in the base to produce flash and smoke for spotting purposes on impact. See separate entry for details.
The M1 (Mod) round is created by reworking M1 rounds in the US Army inventory for use in USAF AC-130 gunships. The M14B4 cartridge case is removed and replaced by an M14 brass case, propellant replaced as needed after inspection and an FMU-153/B PD/delay fuze installed.

Weights:
complete round — 18.1 kg
projectile — 14.97 kg
explosive, normal cavity — 2.3 kg Comp B
explosive, normal cavity — 2.177 kg TNT
explosive, deep cavity — 2.087 kg Comp B
explosive, deep cavity — 1.93 kg TNT
supplementary charge — 136 g TNT
propellant, nominal — 1.241 kg
Lengths:
complete round with fuze — 789.18 mm
projectile — 494.8 mm
cartridge case — 371.9 mm
Max body diameter: 104.95 mm
Max diameter over driving band: 107.26 mm
Type of propellant: M1 dualgran

The following are for use with M101/M101A1, M102 (towed) and M108 (self-propelled) howitzers:
PD — M51A5, M78 series, M439, M508 series, M535, M557, M739
MTSQ — M520 series, M500 series, M564, M582
Prox — M513 series, M728 (both require removal of the supplementary charge, if present, and cannot be fired using Charge 7), M732

The M1 (Mod) round used in AC-130 gunships employs the FMU-153/B PD/delay fuze.

Выпускали его в разных странах (включая Иран, Ирак, Пакистан), в т.ч. и в Израиле:

  • [1]

Wikimedia Foundation . 2010 .

См. также в других словарях:

105 mm Howitzer M101 — 105 mm Howitzer M101 … Википедия

M102 — may refer to:* Messier 102 (M102), an object listed in the Messier Catalogue that remains unidentified * M102 howitzer, an American light towed 105 mm howitzer * Mercedes Benz M102 engine, an automobile engine developed by Mercedes Benz * BMW… … Wikipedia

howitzer — haubica statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Pabūklas su trumpesniu negu patrankos vamzdžiu, šaudantis iškiliąja trajektorija (pakilimo kampas iki 70°). Šiuolaikinės haubicos yra 105–203 mm kalibro, vamzdžio ilgis 15–40 kalibrų, palyginti… … Artilerijos terminų žodynas

M102 howitzer — s for normal movement or air assault operations.The M102 is no longer in use by the United States Army, having been replaced by the M119. It is, however, still in use by the National Guard. It is also used on the USAF s Lockheed AC 130… … Wikipedia

M101 howitzer — Infobox Weapon name=M101/M101A1 105 mm Howitzer caption= Marines from 11th Marines, 1st Marine Division fire an M101 105 mm Howitzer during the playing of taps at the Iwo Jima 60th Anniversary Commemorative on 26 March 2005 origin= United States… … Wikipedia

Weapons of the Vietnam War — A wide variety of weapons were used by the different armies operating in the Vietnam War, which included the opposing Army of the Republic of Viet Nam (ARVN) and People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) known as the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) during the… … Wikipedia

M119 — 105 мм буксируемая гаубица M119A1 Тип: гаубица Страна … Википедия

Lockheed AC-130 — AC 130 … Wikipédia en Français

AC-130 — Lockheed AC 130 AC 130 … Wikipédia en Français

AC-130 gunship — Lockheed AC 130 AC 130 … Wikipédia en Français

Lockheed AC-130 — Infobox Aircraft name = AC 130 Spectre/Spooky type = Fixed wing gunship manufacturer = Lockheed and Boeing caption = AC 130H Spectre gunship jettisons flares in 2007 designer = first flight = AC 130A: avyear|1966 AC 130U: avyear|1990 introduction … Wikipedia

List of artillery by country — Argentina = * CITEFA Model 77 Cold War / Modern 155 mm gun/howitzer, based on the French 155mm gun mounted on AMX Mk F3 SP gun * CALA 30 155 mm L45 long range gun * SLAM PAMPERO 105 mm multiple rocket launcher * SAC SAPBA 127 mm multiple rocket… … Wikipedia

Coalition of the Gulf War — Map of Coalition countries (Green Blue levels) and Iraq (Orange). The Coalition of the Gulf War were the countries officially opposed to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait during the 1990 / 1991 Persian Gulf War. Contents … Wikipedia

Vietnam War — Part of the Cold War and the Indochina Wars … Wikipedia

List of «M» series military vehicles — The following is a (partial) listing of M series military vehicles used by the United States military. Some of these units are also used by Canadian Forces Land Force Command and other militaries under different designations: M1 to M99 * M1… … Wikipedia

Боеприпасы

M119A1 стреляет всеми стандартными полуфиксированными боеприпасами НАТО, а также специальными реактивными снарядами, в том числе:

  • М1 фугасное
  • М314 световой
  • M60 / M60A2 дымовой
  • Дальность полета M913 HERA : 19,5 км.
  • Дальность M760 HE : 11,5 км.
  • M1130A1 HE PFF BB дальность: 17 км
  • M915 DPICM

Гaубицы/Пушки

Ок, но что это значит? У русских плохо развиты металлургия и химическая промышленность? Или есть другие причины по которым русские танковые пушки уступают в дальнобойности западным?

— что это такое?
Что такое упругая и остаточная деформация? Почему разные слои получают разную деформацию?

digger

Олег Грановский

Модератор

Олег Грановский

Модератор

Автомат заряжания Т-72:

Fantask

105 мм М101А2

Интересно насколько эффективны гаубицы 105мм ? Какова их дальность и сколько вв несёт в себе снаряд. Насколько они превосходят М30? 122мм СССР 30 года.

Олег Грановский

Модератор

Вот данные 105-мм ОФ снаряда:

Cartridge, 105 mm: HE M1
Armament

M101/M101A1, M102 (towed) and M108 (self-propelled) howitzers; Otobreda 105/14 Pack Howitzer (L5); RO Defence L119/M119A1 Towed Howitzer; Howitzer, Light, Towed: 105 mm KH178 (South Korea); Giat Industries LG1 Mk I and Mk II Light Gun and M101A1 Modernised (France); Type 75 self-propelled howitzer (Japan); NDSB SAKTI 105 mm Light Gun (Malaysia); RDM 105 mm M101/33 (Netherlands); 105 mm m/26 (Spain); T64 105 mm Howitzer (Taiwan); M101 Modified (Germany); 105 mm Howitzer M56 and M18/61 (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia).

The 105 mm Cartridge HE M1 is one of the oldest serving of all modern artillery rounds, as its origins can be traced back to the Westervelt Board convened by the USA in 1919 to report on the lessons of the Great War. The advisory board recommended the development of a 105 mm howitzer, later accepted for service as the M1 in 1928. After further development the 105 mm M1 howitzer reached the M2 stage which was accepted for mass production along with an associated round, the HE M1. When the M2 howitzer was later redesignated the M101, the HE round remained the M1. The 105 mm HE M1 served the US armed forces from 1941 onwards and is still in service with them, their latest weapon procured to fire the 105 mm HE M1 being the Royal Ordnance (now BAE Systems, RO Defence) M119A1 Towed Howitzer. The 105 mm HE M1 continues to serve with many other nations and is still widely produced, having attained the distinction of virtually becoming the `standard’ 105 mm HE round.
Metal parts for US 105 mm HE M1 projectiles are manufactured at the Scranton Army Ammunition Plant operated by Chamberlain Manufacturing.
The UK service designation for the 105 mm HE M1 when fired from L119 Light Guns is Round, 105 mm, How, HE L41A2.
The M1 (Mod) round for the USAF is made by converting standard M1 rounds under contract from the US Army Operations Support Command. In October 2001 the Army announced a requirement for the conversion of 49,998 rounds.

Читать еще:  Ракетный комплекс ASROC (США)

The 105 mm Cartridge HE M1 is a semi-fixed round with the projectile being a free fit in the cartridge case to allow free access to the propellant increments inside the case. The projectile is a hollow high-tensile steel forging with a boat-tailed base and a welded base cover, a streamlined ogive and a single gilding metal driving band. The projectile may have either a normal or deep cavity, formed or drilled into the explosive filling beneath the fuze well to accept whatever fuze is to be employed. For example a deep cavity projectile for long intrusion fuzes may be loaded with 2.087 kg of Composition B or 1.93 kg of cast TNT, plus a supplementary charge consisting of 136 g of TNT pressed into an aluminium liner found below the nose-located fuze well. Shells have been filled with RDX/WX6 or RDX/WX8. Normal cavity projectiles are packed either with a fuze or a closing plug in place of a fuze. Deep cavity projectiles may be packed with the supplementary charge and a fuze, the supplementary charge and a closing plug, or with a closing plug only.
A groundburst detonation of a 105 mm HE M1 projectile will result in a lethal area covering from 288 to 290 m2.
The cartridge case is of the M14 type. The standard M14 is manufactured using 70:30 brass but other materials have been used and may still be encountered; for instance the M14B1 used copper-plated drawn steel while the M14B4 is a three-piece spiral wrapped lacquered steel case. The base-mounted percussion primer is pressed into place and may be one of several types including the M1B1A2, M28A2 (brass), M28B2 (steel) or M1A2. The primers most commonly encountered are the M28A2 (containing 150 g of black powder) and the M28B2 (122.5 g).
The cartridge case contains the M67 propelling charge. This consists of seven M1 dualgrain propellant increments packed in individually numbered cloth bags, threaded together in numerical order on a length of silk or acrylic twine. (Older types of charges used single-granulation M1 propellant). Before loading, the required increments are arranged inside the case with the No 1 increment, the base charge, at the bottom and the No 7 increment located towards the case mouth. The others are arranged around the walls of the case and around the primer tube.
Charge 1 is the base charge consisting of 238.42 g of propellant M1 (small size).
Charge 2 consists of Charge 1 plus a 41.11 g increment of propellant M1 (small size). Nominal charge weight is 279.53 g.
Charge 3 consists of Charge 2 plus a 70.87 g increment of propellant M1 (large size). Nominal charge weight is 350.4 g.
Charge 4 consists of Charge 3 plus a 96.39 g increment of propellant M1 (large size). Nominal charge weight is 446.79 g.
Charge 5 consists of Charge 4 plus a 153.09 g increment of propellant M1 (large size) and a sheet of lead which functions as a decoppering agent. Nominal charge weight is 599.88 g.
Charge 6 consists of Charge 5 plus a 243.81 g increment of propellant M1 (large size). Nominal charge weight is 843.69 g.
Charge 7 consists of Charge 6 plus a 369.89 g increment of propellant M1 (large size). Total nominal charge weight is then 1.241 kg.
Ballistic data for the 105 mm HE M1 when fired from M101/M101A1 howitzers is as follows:
Charge 1 — MV 198.1 m/s — max range 3,510 m
Charge 2 — MV 216.4 m/s — max range 4,110 m
Charge 3 — MV 237.7 m/s — max range 4,860 m
Charge 4 — MV 266.7 m/s — max range 5,950 m
Charge 5 — MV 310.9 m/s — max range 7,650 m
Charge 6 — MV 376.4 m/s — max range 9,380 m
Charge 7 — MV 472.4 m/s — max range 11,270 m.
Ballistic data for the 105 mm HE M1 when fired from M102 howitzers is as follows:
Charge 1 — MV 205 m/s — max range 3,700 m
Charge 2 — MV 223 m/s — max range 4,300 m
Charge 3 — MV 247 m/s — max range 5,200 m
Charge 4 — MV 278 m/s — max range 6,300 m
Charge 5 — MV 325 m/s — max range 8,100 m
Charge 6 — MV 393 m/s — max range 9,600 m
Charge 7 — MV 494 m/s — max range 11,500 m.
Range data for the L119/M119A1 Towed Howitzer when firing the 105 mm HE M1 is as follows:
Charge 1 — range 1,800 to 3,400 m
Charge 2 — range 2,100 to 4,100 m
Charge 3 — range 2,600 to 4,800 m
Charge 4 — range 4,100 to 6,300 m
Charge 5 — range 4,200 to 7,900 m
Charge 6 — range 5,000 to 9,500 m
Charge 7 — range 6,200 to 11,500 m.

The training round used most commonly as the equivalent to the 105 mm HE M1 is the cartridge, 105 mm, TP, M67. The projectile used with this round (which is painted blue) contains 1.76 kg of an inert explosive substitute and is fitted with a dummy fuze. The complete round weighs 16.81 kg and the maximum muzzle velocity is 381 m/s. A TP-T version of the M67 has been produced.
A completely inert drill round is known as the Cartridge, 105 mm: Dummy, M14. It cannot be fired and is fitted with a PD Dummy M59 fuze.
RO Defence produce Shell, 105 mm, How, Practice Flash Indicating RO 37-05 for practice firing as the equivalent of the HE M1 projectile. The RO 37-05 is hollow and uses a Flash Indicator Unit B118 in the base to produce flash and smoke for spotting purposes on impact. See separate entry for details.
The M1 (Mod) round is created by reworking M1 rounds in the US Army inventory for use in USAF AC-130 gunships. The M14B4 cartridge case is removed and replaced by an M14 brass case, propellant replaced as needed after inspection and an FMU-153/B PD/delay fuze installed.

Weights:
complete round — 18.1 kg
projectile — 14.97 kg
explosive, normal cavity — 2.3 kg Comp B
explosive, normal cavity — 2.177 kg TNT
explosive, deep cavity — 2.087 kg Comp B
explosive, deep cavity — 1.93 kg TNT
supplementary charge — 136 g TNT
propellant, nominal — 1.241 kg
Lengths:
complete round with fuze — 789.18 mm
projectile — 494.8 mm
cartridge case — 371.9 mm
Max body diameter: 104.95 mm
Max diameter over driving band: 107.26 mm
Type of propellant: M1 dualgran

The following are for use with M101/M101A1, M102 (towed) and M108 (self-propelled) howitzers:
PD — M51A5, M78 series, M439, M508 series, M535, M557, M739
MTSQ — M520 series, M500 series, M564, M582
Prox — M513 series, M728 (both require removal of the supplementary charge, if present, and cannot be fired using Charge 7), M732

The M1 (Mod) round used in AC-130 gunships employs the FMU-153/B PD/delay fuze.

Выпускали его в разных странах (включая Иран, Ирак, Пакистан), в т.ч. и в Израиле:

  • [1]

Wikimedia Foundation . 2010 .

См. также в других словарях:

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Боеприпасы

M119A1 стреляет всеми стандартными полуфиксированными боеприпасами НАТО, а также специальными реактивными снарядами, в том числе:

  • М1 фугасное
  • М314 световой
  • M60 / M60A2 дымовой
  • Дальность полета M913 HERA : 19,5 км.
  • Дальность M760 HE : 11,5 км.
  • M1130A1 HE PFF BB дальность: 17 км
  • M915 DPICM

Гaубицы/Пушки

Ок, но что это значит? У русских плохо развиты металлургия и химическая промышленность? Или есть другие причины по которым русские танковые пушки уступают в дальнобойности западным?

— что это такое?
Что такое упругая и остаточная деформация? Почему разные слои получают разную деформацию?

digger

Олег Грановский

Модератор

Олег Грановский

Модератор

Автомат заряжания Т-72:

Fantask

105 мм М101А2

Интересно насколько эффективны гаубицы 105мм ? Какова их дальность и сколько вв несёт в себе снаряд. Насколько они превосходят М30? 122мм СССР 30 года.

Олег Грановский

Модератор

Вот данные 105-мм ОФ снаряда:

Cartridge, 105 mm: HE M1
Armament

M101/M101A1, M102 (towed) and M108 (self-propelled) howitzers; Otobreda 105/14 Pack Howitzer (L5); RO Defence L119/M119A1 Towed Howitzer; Howitzer, Light, Towed: 105 mm KH178 (South Korea); Giat Industries LG1 Mk I and Mk II Light Gun and M101A1 Modernised (France); Type 75 self-propelled howitzer (Japan); NDSB SAKTI 105 mm Light Gun (Malaysia); RDM 105 mm M101/33 (Netherlands); 105 mm m/26 (Spain); T64 105 mm Howitzer (Taiwan); M101 Modified (Germany); 105 mm Howitzer M56 and M18/61 (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia).

The 105 mm Cartridge HE M1 is one of the oldest serving of all modern artillery rounds, as its origins can be traced back to the Westervelt Board convened by the USA in 1919 to report on the lessons of the Great War. The advisory board recommended the development of a 105 mm howitzer, later accepted for service as the M1 in 1928. After further development the 105 mm M1 howitzer reached the M2 stage which was accepted for mass production along with an associated round, the HE M1. When the M2 howitzer was later redesignated the M101, the HE round remained the M1. The 105 mm HE M1 served the US armed forces from 1941 onwards and is still in service with them, their latest weapon procured to fire the 105 mm HE M1 being the Royal Ordnance (now BAE Systems, RO Defence) M119A1 Towed Howitzer. The 105 mm HE M1 continues to serve with many other nations and is still widely produced, having attained the distinction of virtually becoming the `standard’ 105 mm HE round.
Metal parts for US 105 mm HE M1 projectiles are manufactured at the Scranton Army Ammunition Plant operated by Chamberlain Manufacturing.
The UK service designation for the 105 mm HE M1 when fired from L119 Light Guns is Round, 105 mm, How, HE L41A2.
The M1 (Mod) round for the USAF is made by converting standard M1 rounds under contract from the US Army Operations Support Command. In October 2001 the Army announced a requirement for the conversion of 49,998 rounds.

The 105 mm Cartridge HE M1 is a semi-fixed round with the projectile being a free fit in the cartridge case to allow free access to the propellant increments inside the case. The projectile is a hollow high-tensile steel forging with a boat-tailed base and a welded base cover, a streamlined ogive and a single gilding metal driving band. The projectile may have either a normal or deep cavity, formed or drilled into the explosive filling beneath the fuze well to accept whatever fuze is to be employed. For example a deep cavity projectile for long intrusion fuzes may be loaded with 2.087 kg of Composition B or 1.93 kg of cast TNT, plus a supplementary charge consisting of 136 g of TNT pressed into an aluminium liner found below the nose-located fuze well. Shells have been filled with RDX/WX6 or RDX/WX8. Normal cavity projectiles are packed either with a fuze or a closing plug in place of a fuze. Deep cavity projectiles may be packed with the supplementary charge and a fuze, the supplementary charge and a closing plug, or with a closing plug only.
A groundburst detonation of a 105 mm HE M1 projectile will result in a lethal area covering from 288 to 290 m2.
The cartridge case is of the M14 type. The standard M14 is manufactured using 70:30 brass but other materials have been used and may still be encountered; for instance the M14B1 used copper-plated drawn steel while the M14B4 is a three-piece spiral wrapped lacquered steel case. The base-mounted percussion primer is pressed into place and may be one of several types including the M1B1A2, M28A2 (brass), M28B2 (steel) or M1A2. The primers most commonly encountered are the M28A2 (containing 150 g of black powder) and the M28B2 (122.5 g).
The cartridge case contains the M67 propelling charge. This consists of seven M1 dualgrain propellant increments packed in individually numbered cloth bags, threaded together in numerical order on a length of silk or acrylic twine. (Older types of charges used single-granulation M1 propellant). Before loading, the required increments are arranged inside the case with the No 1 increment, the base charge, at the bottom and the No 7 increment located towards the case mouth. The others are arranged around the walls of the case and around the primer tube.
Charge 1 is the base charge consisting of 238.42 g of propellant M1 (small size).
Charge 2 consists of Charge 1 plus a 41.11 g increment of propellant M1 (small size). Nominal charge weight is 279.53 g.
Charge 3 consists of Charge 2 plus a 70.87 g increment of propellant M1 (large size). Nominal charge weight is 350.4 g.
Charge 4 consists of Charge 3 plus a 96.39 g increment of propellant M1 (large size). Nominal charge weight is 446.79 g.
Charge 5 consists of Charge 4 plus a 153.09 g increment of propellant M1 (large size) and a sheet of lead which functions as a decoppering agent. Nominal charge weight is 599.88 g.
Charge 6 consists of Charge 5 plus a 243.81 g increment of propellant M1 (large size). Nominal charge weight is 843.69 g.
Charge 7 consists of Charge 6 plus a 369.89 g increment of propellant M1 (large size). Total nominal charge weight is then 1.241 kg.
Ballistic data for the 105 mm HE M1 when fired from M101/M101A1 howitzers is as follows:
Charge 1 — MV 198.1 m/s — max range 3,510 m
Charge 2 — MV 216.4 m/s — max range 4,110 m
Charge 3 — MV 237.7 m/s — max range 4,860 m
Charge 4 — MV 266.7 m/s — max range 5,950 m
Charge 5 — MV 310.9 m/s — max range 7,650 m
Charge 6 — MV 376.4 m/s — max range 9,380 m
Charge 7 — MV 472.4 m/s — max range 11,270 m.
Ballistic data for the 105 mm HE M1 when fired from M102 howitzers is as follows:
Charge 1 — MV 205 m/s — max range 3,700 m
Charge 2 — MV 223 m/s — max range 4,300 m
Charge 3 — MV 247 m/s — max range 5,200 m
Charge 4 — MV 278 m/s — max range 6,300 m
Charge 5 — MV 325 m/s — max range 8,100 m
Charge 6 — MV 393 m/s — max range 9,600 m
Charge 7 — MV 494 m/s — max range 11,500 m.
Range data for the L119/M119A1 Towed Howitzer when firing the 105 mm HE M1 is as follows:
Charge 1 — range 1,800 to 3,400 m
Charge 2 — range 2,100 to 4,100 m
Charge 3 — range 2,600 to 4,800 m
Charge 4 — range 4,100 to 6,300 m
Charge 5 — range 4,200 to 7,900 m
Charge 6 — range 5,000 to 9,500 m
Charge 7 — range 6,200 to 11,500 m.

The training round used most commonly as the equivalent to the 105 mm HE M1 is the cartridge, 105 mm, TP, M67. The projectile used with this round (which is painted blue) contains 1.76 kg of an inert explosive substitute and is fitted with a dummy fuze. The complete round weighs 16.81 kg and the maximum muzzle velocity is 381 m/s. A TP-T version of the M67 has been produced.
A completely inert drill round is known as the Cartridge, 105 mm: Dummy, M14. It cannot be fired and is fitted with a PD Dummy M59 fuze.
RO Defence produce Shell, 105 mm, How, Practice Flash Indicating RO 37-05 for practice firing as the equivalent of the HE M1 projectile. The RO 37-05 is hollow and uses a Flash Indicator Unit B118 in the base to produce flash and smoke for spotting purposes on impact. See separate entry for details.
The M1 (Mod) round is created by reworking M1 rounds in the US Army inventory for use in USAF AC-130 gunships. The M14B4 cartridge case is removed and replaced by an M14 brass case, propellant replaced as needed after inspection and an FMU-153/B PD/delay fuze installed.

Weights:
complete round — 18.1 kg
projectile — 14.97 kg
explosive, normal cavity — 2.3 kg Comp B
explosive, normal cavity — 2.177 kg TNT
explosive, deep cavity — 2.087 kg Comp B
explosive, deep cavity — 1.93 kg TNT
supplementary charge — 136 g TNT
propellant, nominal — 1.241 kg
Lengths:
complete round with fuze — 789.18 mm
projectile — 494.8 mm
cartridge case — 371.9 mm
Max body diameter: 104.95 mm
Max diameter over driving band: 107.26 mm
Type of propellant: M1 dualgran

The following are for use with M101/M101A1, M102 (towed) and M108 (self-propelled) howitzers:
PD — M51A5, M78 series, M439, M508 series, M535, M557, M739
MTSQ — M520 series, M500 series, M564, M582
Prox — M513 series, M728 (both require removal of the supplementary charge, if present, and cannot be fired using Charge 7), M732

The M1 (Mod) round used in AC-130 gunships employs the FMU-153/B PD/delay fuze.

Выпускали его в разных странах (включая Иран, Ирак, Пакистан), в т.ч. и в Израиле:

Боеприпасы

M119A1 стреляет всеми стандартными полуфиксированными боеприпасами НАТО, а также специальными реактивными снарядами, в том числе:

  • М1 фугасное
  • М314 световой
  • M60 / M60A2 дымовой
  • Дальность полета M913 HERA : 19,5 км.
  • Дальность M760 HE : 11,5 км.
  • M1130A1 HE PFF BB дальность: 17 км
  • M915 DPICM
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