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Локхид EC-130 — Lockheed EC-130

Локхид EC-130 — Lockheed EC-130

Серия Lockheed Martin EC-130 включает несколько немного отличающихся версий Lockheed C-130 Hercules , которые эксплуатировались и продолжают эксплуатироваться ВВС США, а до 1990-х годов — ВМС США .

EC-130E Airborne Battlefield Command и Control Center (ABCCC) был основан на базовом C-130E платформу и при условии , тактические воздушные командно — штабных возможностей для воздушных и наземных командиров командиров в условиях низких воздушной угрозы. Самолеты EC-130E ABCCC были списаны в 2002 году, и миссия была «переведена» на флот E-8 JSTARS и E-3 AWACS .

EC-130E Commando Solo был ранее версия ВВС США и ВВС Национальной гвардии психологических операций (ПсО) воздушных судов и этот самолет также использовал C-130E планера, но был изменен с помощью электронного оборудования миссии от отставного Ес 121S Coronet Solo самолет. Этот планер служил во время первой войны в Персидском заливе (операция «Буря в пустыне»), операции «Поддержать демократию» , второй войны в Персидском заливе (операция «Свобода Ирака» ) и операции « Несокрушимая свобода» . В конечном итоге EC-130E был заменен на EC-130J Commando Solo и снят с производства в 2006 году.

На основе C-130H планера, то EC-130H Компас Вызов передается воздушно — капельным связи заклинивания платформа управляется Combat Air Command «s (ACC) пятьдесят пятая Электронный Combat Group (55 ЭКГ) в Дэвис-Монтан AFB , Тусон, штат Аризона . Самолет EC-130 Compass Call пытается нарушить связь командования и управления противника и ограничивает координацию действий противника, необходимую для управления силами противника. Система Compass Call использует возможности наступательной контринформации и электронных атак для поддержки тактических воздушных, надводных сил и сил специальных операций США и Коалиции . EC-130H широко использовался в войне в Персидском заливе и операции « Иракская свобода» , нарушая связь с Ираком как на стратегическом, так и на тактическом уровнях. Он также использовался в операциях « Несокрушимая свобода в Афганистане» и «Внутренняя решимость» против Исламского государства .

EC-130J Commando Solo представляет собой модифицированный C-130J Hercules используется для проведения психологических операций (PSYOP) и гражданских дел , транслируемых миссии в стандарте AM , FM , КВ , ТВ и полоса военной коммуникаций. Миссии выполняются на максимально возможных высотах для обеспечения оптимальных схем распространения. EC-130J летает как днем, так и ночью с одинаковым успехом и может дозаправляться в воздухе. Типичная миссия состоит из одиночного корабля на орбите, которая отклонена от желаемой целевой аудитории. Целями могут быть как военный, так и гражданский персонал. Commando Solo эксплуатируется исключительно Национальной гвардией ВВС , в частности 193-м крылом специальных операций (193 SOW), подразделением Национальной гвардии штата Пенсильвания, оперативно полученным Командованием специальных операций ВВС (AFSOC). 193 SOW базируется на авиабазе национальной гвардии Гаррисберг (бывшая авиабаза Олмстед ) в международном аэропорту Гаррисберг в Мидлтауне , штат Пенсильвания .

ВМС США «s EC-130Q Hercules TACAMO („Take Charge и Move Out“) самолет был наземная морская авиация платформой , которая служила в качестве СИОПА стратегических коммуникаций связывают самолеты для ВМС США флота баллистических ракет (FBM) подводных сил и в качестве резервного канала связи для пилотируемых стратегических бомбардировщиков ВВС США и сил межконтинентальных баллистических ракет. Чтобы обеспечить живучесть, TACAMO действовала как отдельная платформа, вдали от других крупных военно-морских сил, таких как авианосные ударные группы морского базирования и их авианосные крылья или наземные патрульные самолеты, и не взаимодействовала с ними. Управляется Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadron ТРИ (VQ-3) и Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadron FOUR (VQ-4), ЕС-130Q была заменена текущей платформой TACAMO ВМС США, на Boeing 707 — E-6 Mercury .

Предназначение: C-17 Globemaster — новейший грузовой самолет ВВС США. Стратегический военно-транспортный самолет способен перевозить людей и грузы, осуществлять выброску воздушного десанта и эвакуировать раненых.

Модификации: C-20B, C-20H

Предназначение: C-20 построен на базе пассажирского самолета Gulfstream. Он предназначен для перевозки высокопоставленных правительственных чиновников и представителей Министерства обороны США.

В январе этого года 76-ая военно-транспортная эскадрилья, базирующаяся на авиабазе Рамштайн в Германии, лишилась трех самолетов C-21 в связи с тем, что ВВС решили прекратить эксплуатацию этих судов. C-21 — это военная модификация реактивного самолета бизнес-класса Lear Jet 35A. Поставки С-21А в войска начались в апреле 1984 года и были завершены в октябре 1985 года

Предназначение: C-21 предназначен для перевозки груза и пассажиров. Также он может использоваться для эвакуации раненых.

Самолет C-32A ВВС США, военная модификация Boeing 757−2G4

Предназначение: C-32 — это в первую очередь самолет вице-президента США, но на нем также летают первая леди и члены кабинета и Конгресса. Его часто называют — «Борт номер два».

Предназначение: Этот самолет предназначен для перевозки правительственных чиновников и представителей Минобороны.

История эксплуатации

Поступивший на службу в Tactical Air Command (TAC), EC-130E Commando Solo был первоначально модифицирован с использованием электронного оборудования миссии EC-121S Coronet Solo . Вскоре после того, как 193-я группа специальных операций получила свои EC-130, подразделение участвовало в спасении граждан США в операции «Срочная ярость» , выступая в качестве бортовой радиостанции, информирующей этих людей на Гренаде о военных действиях США. В 1989 году EC-130 Commando Solo сыграл важную роль в успехе скоординированных психологических операций в операции Just Cause , снова непрерывно передавая сигналы на начальных этапах операции, чтобы помочь положить конец режиму Мануэля Норьеги . В 1990 году EC-130E присоединился к недавно сформированному Командованию специальных операций ВВС США ( AFSOC ) и с тех пор получил обозначение Commando Solo без каких-либо изменений в миссии.

Совсем недавно, в 1994 году, EC-130E Commando Solo использовался для передачи радио и телевизионных сообщений гражданам и лидерам Гаити во время операции «Поддержать демократию» . EC-130 были развернуты в начале операции, что подчеркивает важность ПСИОП для предотвращения потерь среди военных и гражданского населения. Президент Аристид был показан в передачах, которые в значительной степени способствовали упорядоченному переходу от военного правления к демократии.

Самолет также использовался во время землетрясения на Гаити в 2010 году , где транслировалась запись Раймонда Джозефа (посла Гаити в США), предупреждающего жителей не пытаться бежать в Соединенные Штаты по морю. Самолет также транслировал объявления о том, куда жертвы землетрясения могут отправиться за продуктами питания и помощью, новости « Голоса Америки» и инструкции по соблюдению гигиенических процедур для предотвращения болезней.

На второй день операции Odyssey Dawn самолет EC-130J предупредил ливийские судоходные компании: «Ливийские корабли или суда не покидают порт, силы режима Каддафи нарушают резолюцию Организации Объединенных Наций о прекращении боевых действий в вашей стране. Если вы попытаетесь покиньте порт, вы будете атакованы и немедленно уничтожены. Для вашей же безопасности не покидайте порт «. Незашифрованное сообщение на арабском, французском и английском языках было записано радиолюбителем в Нидерландах .

EC-130 ежедневно использовался в операциях против Исламского Государства в Ираке, чтобы заглушить их связь.

EC-130E ABCCC
EC-130E Rivet Rider / Commando Solo
EC-130H Rivet Fire / Compass Call

EC-130E ABCCC

The EC-130E ABCCC consists of seven aircraft that are used as an Airborne Battlefield Command and Control Center. The EC-130E is a modified C-130 «Hercules»; aircraft designed to carry the USC-48 Airborne Battlefield Command and Control Center Capsules (ABCCC III). These one-of-a kind aircraft include the addition of external antennae to accommodate the vast number of radios in the capsule, heat exchanger pods for additional air conditioning, an aerial refueling system and special mounted rails for uploading and downloading the USC-48 capsule. The ABCCC has distinctive air conditioner intakes fore of the engines («Mickey Mouse ears»), two HF radio probes-towards the tips of both wings, and three mushroom-shaped antennas on the top of the aircraft — and, of course, numerous antennas on the belly.

As an Air Combat Command asset, ABCCC (A-B-Triple-C) is an integral part of the Tactical Air Control System. While functioning as a direct extension of ground-based command and control authorities, the primary mission is providing flexibility in the overall control of tactical air resources. In addition, to maintain positive control of air operations, ABCCC can provide communications to higher headquarters, including national command authorities, in both peace and wartime environments.

The USC-48 ABCCC III capsule, which fits into the aircraft cargo compartment, measures 40 feet long, weighs approximately 20,000 pounds and costs $9 million each. The ABCCC provides unified and theater commanders an Airborne Battlefield Command and Control Center (ABCCC), with the capability for combat operations during war, contingencies, exercises, and special classified missions. A highly trained force of mission ready crew members and specially equipped EC-130E aircraft to support worldwide combat operations. Mission roles include airborne extensions of the Air Operations Center (AOC) and Airborne Air Support Operations Center (ASOC) for command and control of Offensive Air Support (OAS) operations; and airborne on-scene command for special operations such as airdrops or evacuations.

The ABCCC system is a high-tech automated airborne command and control facility featuring computer generated color displays, digitally controlled communications, and rapid data retrieval. The platform’s 23 fully securable radios, secure teletype, and 15 automatic fully computerized consoles, allow the battlestaff to quickly analyze current combat situations and direct offensive air support towards fast-developing targets. ABCCC, is equipped with its most recent upgrade the Joint Tactical Information Distribution System, allows real-time accountability of airborne tracks to capsule displays through data links with AWACS E-3 «Sentry» aircraft.

EC-130E Commando Solo / Rivet Rider

With the capability to control the electronic spectrum of radio, television, and military communication bands in a focused area, the Commando Solo aircraft can prepare the battlefield through psychological operations and civil affairs broadcasts. These modified C-130Es provide broadcasting capabilities primarily for psychological operations missions; support disaster relief operations; and perform communications jamming in military spectrum and intelligence gathering. One oversized blade antenna is under each wing with a third extending forward from the vertical fin. A retractable wire antenna is released from the modified beavertail, with a second extending from the belly and held vertical by a 500 pound weight.

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Capabilities include:

  • Reception, analysis, and transmission of various electronic signals to exploit electromagnetic spectrum for maximum battlefield advantage
  • Secondary capabilities include jamming, deception, and manipulation techniques
  • Unrefueled range 2800 NM
  • Broadcasts in frequency spectrums including AM/FM radio, short-wave, television, and military command, control and communications channels

Rivet Rider modification includes:

  • VHF and UHF Worldwide format color TV
  • Infrared countermeasures [chaff/flare dispensers plus infrared jammers]
  • Vertical trailing wire antenna
  • Fire suppressant foam in fuel tank
  • Radar warning receiver
  • Self-contained navigation system

The modification added a pair of underwing pylon mounted 23X6 foot equipment pods, along with X-antennae mounted on both sides of the vertical fin. Six aircraft have been modified to the Rivet Rider configuration by the contractor, Lockheed Martin; Ontario, California.

Commando Solo and Senior Scout operations may be long or short range missions with extended orbit delays planned at the aircraft operating ceiling, and may require one or multiple air refuelings. Some missions may require a combat profile, with a low altitude profile enroute to the mission orbit area. The electronic environment may be hostile, with enemy ability to jam all communications radios and electronic transmission systems; to intercept and use intelligence information transmitted over nonsecure electronic systems and radios; and to pinpoint the position of the aircraft emitting any electronic transmission or signal.

Commando Solo supported the operation JOINT GUARD mission by shutting down anti-SFOR propaganda through radio and TV broadcasts over Bosnia-Herzegovina in support of SFOR operations.

EC-130H Compass Call / Rivet Fire

The EC-130H Compass Call is the only US wide-area offensive information warfare platform, Compass Call provides disruptive communications jamming and other unique capabilities to support the Joint Force Commander across the spectrum of conflict. Specifically, the modified aircraft uses noise jamming to prevent communication or degrade the transfer of information essential to command and control of weapon systems and other resources. It primarily supports tactical air operations but also can provide jamming support to ground force operations.

Modifications to the aircraft include an electronic countermeasures system (Rivet Fire), and air refueling capability and associated navigation and communications systems. The upgrade of the fleet to Block 30 is underway to improve system reliability and currency, however a two year funding gap exists between first squadron completion and second squadron start. This gap and other funding reductions have forced the SPO to stretch out Blk 30 completion to FY04, causing both fiscal inefficiencies and issues of technical obsolescence. Although some funding has been cut, limiting COMPASS CALL response to new threat systems, with the software reprogrammability of the new Block 30 aircraft, analysis and development of countermeasures to threats can be further leveraged by being more timely and effective. The Block 35 initiative will inject new technology required to improve reliability and increase COMPASS CALL’s Offensive Counterinformation (OCI) capability against modern C2 systems. Major advantages are an update of receiver subsystem to satisfy current operational shortfalls and address immediate supportability problems. Procurement funding will subsequently modify/convert seven Block 30 COMPASS CALL aircraft to Block 40.

During Operation Desert Storm EC-130H Compass Call electronic warfare aircraft, operating outside Iraqi airspace, safe from Iraqi defenses, jammed communications, hindering the effectiveness of Iraq’s integrated air defense network. Rivet Fire has demonstrated its powerful effect on enemy command and control networks in Panama and Iraq.

Compass Call integrates into tactical air operation at any level. Although Compass Call primarily supports interdiction and offensive counter-air campaigns, the truly versatile and flexible nature of the aircraft and its crew enable the power of EC-130H to be brought to bear on virtually any combat situations.

The EC-130H aircraft carries a combat crew of 13 people. Four members are responsible for aircraft flight and navigation, while nine members operate and maintain the Rivet Fire equipment. The mission crew consists of an electronic warfare officer, who is the mission crew commander (MCC), and experienced cryptologic linguist is the mission crew supervisor (MCS), six analysis operators and an airborne maintenance technician (AMT).

Aided by the automated system, the crew analyze the signal environment, designate targets and ensure the system is operating effectively. Targets can be designated before the mission takes off, acquired in flight or the MCC/MCS can receive additional tasking at any time from outside agencies (i.e. Airborne Warning and Control System, RC-135 and Airborne Command and Control System.) A radio frequency signal runs from the beginning of the received path through the system and is analyzed at different points along the way. In a war situation, a signal may be received and linguists on board the plane analyze it to determine if it is an enemy signal. If the system decides there is a threat, communications would be jammed by the officer on board pressing the red buttons. On the back of the plane is microwave powered equipment which sends out high energy radio frequency output or interference.

The latest technologies, referred to as the Block 30 system, update the fleet and keep the 41st Electronic Combat Squadron�s Combat Systems Flight busy ironing out the bugs. The flight�s 25 computer and electronic warfare troops perform organizational level maintenance on EC-130H weapons systems. Block 30 totally rearranges the equipment on the EC-130H and incorporates fiber optics. There are more fiber optic terminations on this plane than any other plane flying, commercial or military today. Block 30 improvements include faster and more powerful computers and integrated work stations which enable the fleet to accomplish its primary mission of denying enemy commanders the ability to command their troops in the battlefield. Unlike Block 20, which operates through a mainframe, Block 30 is broken down into different components which communicate with each other.

The conversion to the Block 30 system, designed by Lockheed and several other contractors, has been a time-consuming project. Each plane requires approximately 16 months for modification at the Lockheed Martin Skunk Works plant in Palmdale. Unlike other weapons systems which are tested before they are bought, Block 30 was purchased before being tested. All new hardware and a five-fold increase in the amount of software, which includes over one million lines of computer code, have produced the usual minor bugs that always seem to appear with new technology improvements. One common problem is the failure of a built-in self test. The main hardware issue has been getting spares. The spare issue is a problem of manufacturers not making the number of parts and components needed. Budget cuts and appropriations have caused some of this.

Compass Call is tasked by all the unified commands and therefore subject to worldwide deployment in support of tactical air/ground forces on very short notice. The Compass Call EC-130H is flown by the 355th Wing’s 41st and 43rd Electronic Combat Squadrons, at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Ariz. The COMPASS CALL fleet is comprised of 13 aircraft (10PAA/ 2BAI/ 1 attrition reserve) in two squadrons (41ECS and 43ECS).

E-8C Joint Stars

Предназначение: Самолёт боевого управления и целеуказания E-8C (Joint STARS) предназначен для наблюдения, управления и разведки.

Предназначение: E-9A является наблюдательной платформой при проведении учений в Мексиканском заливе, связанных с испытаниями систем оружия класса «воздух-воздух». Самолет собирает телеметрические и радиоданные о ситуации в заливе, чтобы обеспечить безопасное проведение испытаний.

EC-130E ABCCC
EC-130E Rivet Rider / Commando Solo
EC-130H Rivet Fire / Compass Call

EC-130E ABCCC

The EC-130E ABCCC consists of seven aircraft that are used as an Airborne Battlefield Command and Control Center. The EC-130E is a modified C-130 «Hercules»; aircraft designed to carry the USC-48 Airborne Battlefield Command and Control Center Capsules (ABCCC III). These one-of-a kind aircraft include the addition of external antennae to accommodate the vast number of radios in the capsule, heat exchanger pods for additional air conditioning, an aerial refueling system and special mounted rails for uploading and downloading the USC-48 capsule. The ABCCC has distinctive air conditioner intakes fore of the engines («Mickey Mouse ears»), two HF radio probes-towards the tips of both wings, and three mushroom-shaped antennas on the top of the aircraft — and, of course, numerous antennas on the belly.

As an Air Combat Command asset, ABCCC (A-B-Triple-C) is an integral part of the Tactical Air Control System. While functioning as a direct extension of ground-based command and control authorities, the primary mission is providing flexibility in the overall control of tactical air resources. In addition, to maintain positive control of air operations, ABCCC can provide communications to higher headquarters, including national command authorities, in both peace and wartime environments.

The USC-48 ABCCC III capsule, which fits into the aircraft cargo compartment, measures 40 feet long, weighs approximately 20,000 pounds and costs $9 million each. The ABCCC provides unified and theater commanders an Airborne Battlefield Command and Control Center (ABCCC), with the capability for combat operations during war, contingencies, exercises, and special classified missions. A highly trained force of mission ready crew members and specially equipped EC-130E aircraft to support worldwide combat operations. Mission roles include airborne extensions of the Air Operations Center (AOC) and Airborne Air Support Operations Center (ASOC) for command and control of Offensive Air Support (OAS) operations; and airborne on-scene command for special operations such as airdrops or evacuations.

The ABCCC system is a high-tech automated airborne command and control facility featuring computer generated color displays, digitally controlled communications, and rapid data retrieval. The platform’s 23 fully securable radios, secure teletype, and 15 automatic fully computerized consoles, allow the battlestaff to quickly analyze current combat situations and direct offensive air support towards fast-developing targets. ABCCC, is equipped with its most recent upgrade the Joint Tactical Information Distribution System, allows real-time accountability of airborne tracks to capsule displays through data links with AWACS E-3 «Sentry» aircraft.

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EC-130E Commando Solo / Rivet Rider

With the capability to control the electronic spectrum of radio, television, and military communication bands in a focused area, the Commando Solo aircraft can prepare the battlefield through psychological operations and civil affairs broadcasts. These modified C-130Es provide broadcasting capabilities primarily for psychological operations missions; support disaster relief operations; and perform communications jamming in military spectrum and intelligence gathering. One oversized blade antenna is under each wing with a third extending forward from the vertical fin. A retractable wire antenna is released from the modified beavertail, with a second extending from the belly and held vertical by a 500 pound weight.

Capabilities include:

  • Reception, analysis, and transmission of various electronic signals to exploit electromagnetic spectrum for maximum battlefield advantage
  • Secondary capabilities include jamming, deception, and manipulation techniques
  • Unrefueled range 2800 NM
  • Broadcasts in frequency spectrums including AM/FM radio, short-wave, television, and military command, control and communications channels

Rivet Rider modification includes:

  • VHF and UHF Worldwide format color TV
  • Infrared countermeasures [chaff/flare dispensers plus infrared jammers]
  • Vertical trailing wire antenna
  • Fire suppressant foam in fuel tank
  • Radar warning receiver
  • Self-contained navigation system

The modification added a pair of underwing pylon mounted 23X6 foot equipment pods, along with X-antennae mounted on both sides of the vertical fin. Six aircraft have been modified to the Rivet Rider configuration by the contractor, Lockheed Martin; Ontario, California.

Commando Solo and Senior Scout operations may be long or short range missions with extended orbit delays planned at the aircraft operating ceiling, and may require one or multiple air refuelings. Some missions may require a combat profile, with a low altitude profile enroute to the mission orbit area. The electronic environment may be hostile, with enemy ability to jam all communications radios and electronic transmission systems; to intercept and use intelligence information transmitted over nonsecure electronic systems and radios; and to pinpoint the position of the aircraft emitting any electronic transmission or signal.

Commando Solo supported the operation JOINT GUARD mission by shutting down anti-SFOR propaganda through radio and TV broadcasts over Bosnia-Herzegovina in support of SFOR operations.

EC-130H Compass Call / Rivet Fire

The EC-130H Compass Call is the only US wide-area offensive information warfare platform, Compass Call provides disruptive communications jamming and other unique capabilities to support the Joint Force Commander across the spectrum of conflict. Specifically, the modified aircraft uses noise jamming to prevent communication or degrade the transfer of information essential to command and control of weapon systems and other resources. It primarily supports tactical air operations but also can provide jamming support to ground force operations.

Modifications to the aircraft include an electronic countermeasures system (Rivet Fire), and air refueling capability and associated navigation and communications systems. The upgrade of the fleet to Block 30 is underway to improve system reliability and currency, however a two year funding gap exists between first squadron completion and second squadron start. This gap and other funding reductions have forced the SPO to stretch out Blk 30 completion to FY04, causing both fiscal inefficiencies and issues of technical obsolescence. Although some funding has been cut, limiting COMPASS CALL response to new threat systems, with the software reprogrammability of the new Block 30 aircraft, analysis and development of countermeasures to threats can be further leveraged by being more timely and effective. The Block 35 initiative will inject new technology required to improve reliability and increase COMPASS CALL’s Offensive Counterinformation (OCI) capability against modern C2 systems. Major advantages are an update of receiver subsystem to satisfy current operational shortfalls and address immediate supportability problems. Procurement funding will subsequently modify/convert seven Block 30 COMPASS CALL aircraft to Block 40.

During Operation Desert Storm EC-130H Compass Call electronic warfare aircraft, operating outside Iraqi airspace, safe from Iraqi defenses, jammed communications, hindering the effectiveness of Iraq’s integrated air defense network. Rivet Fire has demonstrated its powerful effect on enemy command and control networks in Panama and Iraq.

Compass Call integrates into tactical air operation at any level. Although Compass Call primarily supports interdiction and offensive counter-air campaigns, the truly versatile and flexible nature of the aircraft and its crew enable the power of EC-130H to be brought to bear on virtually any combat situations.

The EC-130H aircraft carries a combat crew of 13 people. Four members are responsible for aircraft flight and navigation, while nine members operate and maintain the Rivet Fire equipment. The mission crew consists of an electronic warfare officer, who is the mission crew commander (MCC), and experienced cryptologic linguist is the mission crew supervisor (MCS), six analysis operators and an airborne maintenance technician (AMT).

Aided by the automated system, the crew analyze the signal environment, designate targets and ensure the system is operating effectively. Targets can be designated before the mission takes off, acquired in flight or the MCC/MCS can receive additional tasking at any time from outside agencies (i.e. Airborne Warning and Control System, RC-135 and Airborne Command and Control System.) A radio frequency signal runs from the beginning of the received path through the system and is analyzed at different points along the way. In a war situation, a signal may be received and linguists on board the plane analyze it to determine if it is an enemy signal. If the system decides there is a threat, communications would be jammed by the officer on board pressing the red buttons. On the back of the plane is microwave powered equipment which sends out high energy radio frequency output or interference.

The latest technologies, referred to as the Block 30 system, update the fleet and keep the 41st Electronic Combat Squadron�s Combat Systems Flight busy ironing out the bugs. The flight�s 25 computer and electronic warfare troops perform organizational level maintenance on EC-130H weapons systems. Block 30 totally rearranges the equipment on the EC-130H and incorporates fiber optics. There are more fiber optic terminations on this plane than any other plane flying, commercial or military today. Block 30 improvements include faster and more powerful computers and integrated work stations which enable the fleet to accomplish its primary mission of denying enemy commanders the ability to command their troops in the battlefield. Unlike Block 20, which operates through a mainframe, Block 30 is broken down into different components which communicate with each other.

The conversion to the Block 30 system, designed by Lockheed and several other contractors, has been a time-consuming project. Each plane requires approximately 16 months for modification at the Lockheed Martin Skunk Works plant in Palmdale. Unlike other weapons systems which are tested before they are bought, Block 30 was purchased before being tested. All new hardware and a five-fold increase in the amount of software, which includes over one million lines of computer code, have produced the usual minor bugs that always seem to appear with new technology improvements. One common problem is the failure of a built-in self test. The main hardware issue has been getting spares. The spare issue is a problem of manufacturers not making the number of parts and components needed. Budget cuts and appropriations have caused some of this.

Compass Call is tasked by all the unified commands and therefore subject to worldwide deployment in support of tactical air/ground forces on very short notice. The Compass Call EC-130H is flown by the 355th Wing’s 41st and 43rd Electronic Combat Squadrons, at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Ariz. The COMPASS CALL fleet is comprised of 13 aircraft (10PAA/ 2BAI/ 1 attrition reserve) in two squadrons (41ECS and 43ECS).

EC-130E Commando Solo поступил на вооружение в 1978 году как EC-130E Coronet Solo в составе тактического авиационного командования (TAC). В 1983 году миссия Coronet Solo была передана военному командованию по воздушным перевозкам (MAC) и переименована в EC-130E Volant Solo. С формированием Командования специальных операций ВВС миссия была передана AFSOC и переименована в Commando Solo. Операции были объединены под одним подразделением AFSOC — 193-м отделением специальных операций (193 SOW) Национальной гвардии ВВС Пенсильвании . В начале 1990-х годов самолет был модернизирован и получил обозначение Commando Solo II. Варианты EC-130E были заменены новыми самолетами EC-130J Commando Solo III, построенными Lockheed Martin, начиная с 2003 года.

В последнюю версию EC-130J (Commando Solo III) были внесены узкоспециализированные модификации. В эти модификации включены улучшенные навигационные системы, оборудование самозащиты и возможность вещания цветного телевидения по множеству мировых стандартов в диапазонах TV VHF / UHF.

Второстепенные задачи включают противодействие командованию и управлению коммуникациями (C3CM) и ограниченный сбор разведданных. Три варианта: EC-130 ABCCC, EC-130E Commando Solo и EC-130J Commando Solo. В настоящее время используется версия EC-130J, так как последний EC-130E был снят с вооружения в 2006 году.

ВВС США планируют начать замену 15 самолетов EC-130H Compass Call в 2020 году на коммерческий планер, на котором установлено электронное оборудование Compass Call. К 2029 году компания EC-X планирует поставить 10 новых самолетов.

HC-130

Модификации: HC-130J Combat King II, HC-130P/N King

Предназначение: HC-130 и его модификации предназначены для выполнения боевых задач на малоподготовленных аэродромах, также и при отсутствии аэродромов в любых погодных условиях. Может выполнять высадку десанта и эвакуацию личного состава, осуществлять дозаправку вертолетов в воздухе и служить заправочным пунктом передового района.

EC-130E ABCCC
EC-130E Rivet Rider / Commando Solo
EC-130H Rivet Fire / Compass Call

EC-130E ABCCC

The EC-130E ABCCC consists of seven aircraft that are used as an Airborne Battlefield Command and Control Center. The EC-130E is a modified C-130 «Hercules»; aircraft designed to carry the USC-48 Airborne Battlefield Command and Control Center Capsules (ABCCC III). These one-of-a kind aircraft include the addition of external antennae to accommodate the vast number of radios in the capsule, heat exchanger pods for additional air conditioning, an aerial refueling system and special mounted rails for uploading and downloading the USC-48 capsule. The ABCCC has distinctive air conditioner intakes fore of the engines («Mickey Mouse ears»), two HF radio probes-towards the tips of both wings, and three mushroom-shaped antennas on the top of the aircraft — and, of course, numerous antennas on the belly.

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As an Air Combat Command asset, ABCCC (A-B-Triple-C) is an integral part of the Tactical Air Control System. While functioning as a direct extension of ground-based command and control authorities, the primary mission is providing flexibility in the overall control of tactical air resources. In addition, to maintain positive control of air operations, ABCCC can provide communications to higher headquarters, including national command authorities, in both peace and wartime environments.

The USC-48 ABCCC III capsule, which fits into the aircraft cargo compartment, measures 40 feet long, weighs approximately 20,000 pounds and costs $9 million each. The ABCCC provides unified and theater commanders an Airborne Battlefield Command and Control Center (ABCCC), with the capability for combat operations during war, contingencies, exercises, and special classified missions. A highly trained force of mission ready crew members and specially equipped EC-130E aircraft to support worldwide combat operations. Mission roles include airborne extensions of the Air Operations Center (AOC) and Airborne Air Support Operations Center (ASOC) for command and control of Offensive Air Support (OAS) operations; and airborne on-scene command for special operations such as airdrops or evacuations.

The ABCCC system is a high-tech automated airborne command and control facility featuring computer generated color displays, digitally controlled communications, and rapid data retrieval. The platform’s 23 fully securable radios, secure teletype, and 15 automatic fully computerized consoles, allow the battlestaff to quickly analyze current combat situations and direct offensive air support towards fast-developing targets. ABCCC, is equipped with its most recent upgrade the Joint Tactical Information Distribution System, allows real-time accountability of airborne tracks to capsule displays through data links with AWACS E-3 «Sentry» aircraft.

EC-130E Commando Solo / Rivet Rider

With the capability to control the electronic spectrum of radio, television, and military communication bands in a focused area, the Commando Solo aircraft can prepare the battlefield through psychological operations and civil affairs broadcasts. These modified C-130Es provide broadcasting capabilities primarily for psychological operations missions; support disaster relief operations; and perform communications jamming in military spectrum and intelligence gathering. One oversized blade antenna is under each wing with a third extending forward from the vertical fin. A retractable wire antenna is released from the modified beavertail, with a second extending from the belly and held vertical by a 500 pound weight.

Capabilities include:

  • Reception, analysis, and transmission of various electronic signals to exploit electromagnetic spectrum for maximum battlefield advantage
  • Secondary capabilities include jamming, deception, and manipulation techniques
  • Unrefueled range 2800 NM
  • Broadcasts in frequency spectrums including AM/FM radio, short-wave, television, and military command, control and communications channels

Rivet Rider modification includes:

  • VHF and UHF Worldwide format color TV
  • Infrared countermeasures [chaff/flare dispensers plus infrared jammers]
  • Vertical trailing wire antenna
  • Fire suppressant foam in fuel tank
  • Radar warning receiver
  • Self-contained navigation system

The modification added a pair of underwing pylon mounted 23X6 foot equipment pods, along with X-antennae mounted on both sides of the vertical fin. Six aircraft have been modified to the Rivet Rider configuration by the contractor, Lockheed Martin; Ontario, California.

Commando Solo and Senior Scout operations may be long or short range missions with extended orbit delays planned at the aircraft operating ceiling, and may require one or multiple air refuelings. Some missions may require a combat profile, with a low altitude profile enroute to the mission orbit area. The electronic environment may be hostile, with enemy ability to jam all communications radios and electronic transmission systems; to intercept and use intelligence information transmitted over nonsecure electronic systems and radios; and to pinpoint the position of the aircraft emitting any electronic transmission or signal.

Commando Solo supported the operation JOINT GUARD mission by shutting down anti-SFOR propaganda through radio and TV broadcasts over Bosnia-Herzegovina in support of SFOR operations.

EC-130H Compass Call / Rivet Fire

The EC-130H Compass Call is the only US wide-area offensive information warfare platform, Compass Call provides disruptive communications jamming and other unique capabilities to support the Joint Force Commander across the spectrum of conflict. Specifically, the modified aircraft uses noise jamming to prevent communication or degrade the transfer of information essential to command and control of weapon systems and other resources. It primarily supports tactical air operations but also can provide jamming support to ground force operations.

Modifications to the aircraft include an electronic countermeasures system (Rivet Fire), and air refueling capability and associated navigation and communications systems. The upgrade of the fleet to Block 30 is underway to improve system reliability and currency, however a two year funding gap exists between first squadron completion and second squadron start. This gap and other funding reductions have forced the SPO to stretch out Blk 30 completion to FY04, causing both fiscal inefficiencies and issues of technical obsolescence. Although some funding has been cut, limiting COMPASS CALL response to new threat systems, with the software reprogrammability of the new Block 30 aircraft, analysis and development of countermeasures to threats can be further leveraged by being more timely and effective. The Block 35 initiative will inject new technology required to improve reliability and increase COMPASS CALL’s Offensive Counterinformation (OCI) capability against modern C2 systems. Major advantages are an update of receiver subsystem to satisfy current operational shortfalls and address immediate supportability problems. Procurement funding will subsequently modify/convert seven Block 30 COMPASS CALL aircraft to Block 40.

During Operation Desert Storm EC-130H Compass Call electronic warfare aircraft, operating outside Iraqi airspace, safe from Iraqi defenses, jammed communications, hindering the effectiveness of Iraq’s integrated air defense network. Rivet Fire has demonstrated its powerful effect on enemy command and control networks in Panama and Iraq.

Compass Call integrates into tactical air operation at any level. Although Compass Call primarily supports interdiction and offensive counter-air campaigns, the truly versatile and flexible nature of the aircraft and its crew enable the power of EC-130H to be brought to bear on virtually any combat situations.

The EC-130H aircraft carries a combat crew of 13 people. Four members are responsible for aircraft flight and navigation, while nine members operate and maintain the Rivet Fire equipment. The mission crew consists of an electronic warfare officer, who is the mission crew commander (MCC), and experienced cryptologic linguist is the mission crew supervisor (MCS), six analysis operators and an airborne maintenance technician (AMT).

Aided by the automated system, the crew analyze the signal environment, designate targets and ensure the system is operating effectively. Targets can be designated before the mission takes off, acquired in flight or the MCC/MCS can receive additional tasking at any time from outside agencies (i.e. Airborne Warning and Control System, RC-135 and Airborne Command and Control System.) A radio frequency signal runs from the beginning of the received path through the system and is analyzed at different points along the way. In a war situation, a signal may be received and linguists on board the plane analyze it to determine if it is an enemy signal. If the system decides there is a threat, communications would be jammed by the officer on board pressing the red buttons. On the back of the plane is microwave powered equipment which sends out high energy radio frequency output or interference.

The latest technologies, referred to as the Block 30 system, update the fleet and keep the 41st Electronic Combat Squadron�s Combat Systems Flight busy ironing out the bugs. The flight�s 25 computer and electronic warfare troops perform organizational level maintenance on EC-130H weapons systems. Block 30 totally rearranges the equipment on the EC-130H and incorporates fiber optics. There are more fiber optic terminations on this plane than any other plane flying, commercial or military today. Block 30 improvements include faster and more powerful computers and integrated work stations which enable the fleet to accomplish its primary mission of denying enemy commanders the ability to command their troops in the battlefield. Unlike Block 20, which operates through a mainframe, Block 30 is broken down into different components which communicate with each other.

The conversion to the Block 30 system, designed by Lockheed and several other contractors, has been a time-consuming project. Each plane requires approximately 16 months for modification at the Lockheed Martin Skunk Works plant in Palmdale. Unlike other weapons systems which are tested before they are bought, Block 30 was purchased before being tested. All new hardware and a five-fold increase in the amount of software, which includes over one million lines of computer code, have produced the usual minor bugs that always seem to appear with new technology improvements. One common problem is the failure of a built-in self test. The main hardware issue has been getting spares. The spare issue is a problem of manufacturers not making the number of parts and components needed. Budget cuts and appropriations have caused some of this.

Compass Call is tasked by all the unified commands and therefore subject to worldwide deployment in support of tactical air/ground forces on very short notice. The Compass Call EC-130H is flown by the 355th Wing’s 41st and 43rd Electronic Combat Squadrons, at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Ariz. The COMPASS CALL fleet is comprised of 13 aircraft (10PAA/ 2BAI/ 1 attrition reserve) in two squadrons (41ECS and 43ECS).

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